There are essentially two seemingly global criminal law regimes. The first is the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has over 120 state members, but whose jurisdiction is not recognized by three of the powerful P5 states, such as China, Russia and the United States. Its membership constitutes less than 50 per cent of the world’s population and, so far, the ICC has delivered judgments only in relation to individual perpetrators who have committed grave crimes on the continent of Africa.

The second regime has been administered on a selective basis by the UN Security Council, which has set up ad hoc courts and tribunals to deal with particular atrocities: the first being the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the most recent being the Special Tribunal in Lebanon (STL). This represents a relatively new role for the Security Council, adopted primarily as a result of its auto-interpretation of the UN Charter.

Moreover, the Security Council, by adopting resolutions to selectively, and often without proper backing, refer particular international criminals to the ICC (to date, only in respect of African nations), has arguably improperly interfered in the workings of the Court. 

As a result, there is no truly universal, “global” international criminal law adjudication and enforcement body, and consequently no effective means of judicially pursuing the perpetrators of international crimes. 

In this section, therefore, contributors are encouraged to analyse and debate this area of international law and to make policy recommendations aimed at enhancing the global rule of law. Your intellectual contributions are welcome here.

Research and Seminars

OPENING TO OMNILATERALISM Democratic governance for all, from local to global with stakeholders

European Union Sponsored, the European Development Days on 15-16 June 2021

15-16 June 2021

Omnilateralism CUNCR Intervention at Dr. Wolfgang Pape Roundtable with The Academic Council on the United Nations System ACUNS 24 June 2021

June 24, 2021

India’s Expiration Date for the UN Security Council—Rediscovered

How Democracy Survives The Crises of the Nation State

Who governs the world?

June 26, 2020

CUNCR's Upcoming Events at The European Paraliament

International Environmental Laws and Climate Change

Corfu & Epirus, Greece

22 July - 26 July, 2019

How to Assemble Parliamentary Assemblies Case Studies for Governments and Ngos

Brussels, Belgium

November 27-28 2018

Symposium on Security Council Reform

New York/San Francisco/Brussels

October 23-24 2018

Symposium on Regional and International Criminal Courts Against Transnational Organized Crimes

Buenos Aires, Argentina/Brussels, Belgium

Future Event

International Asylum and Refugee Laws

Brussels, Belgium

Future Event

Regionalism and Federalism


Future Event

Nuclear Disarmament The UN Charter and The NPT Regime: Fit for Purpose?

Tokyo, Japan/Brussels, Belgium

Future Event

International Space Law

San Francisco/USA

Future Event

Paris Peace Forum


November 11-13 2018

We know climate science and we know what needs to be done to end Climate Emergency. But who is in charge of the global governance of climate?

CUNCR at COY16 and COP26

Ukraine Crisis is First a UN Constitutional Crisis

UN Climate Change Conference of the Youth (COY 16)

Research and Seminars