Privacy Policy

Last updated: April 07, 2021

This Privacy Policy describes Our policies and procedures on the collection, use and disclosure of Your information when You use the Service and tells You about Your privacy rights and how the law protects You.

We use Your Personal data to provide and improve the Service. By using the Service, You agree to the collection and use of information in accordance with this Privacy Policy.

Interpretation and Definitions


The words of which the initial letter is capitalized have meanings defined under the following conditions. The following definitions shall have the same meaning regardless of whether they appear in singular or in plural.


For the purposes of this Privacy Policy:

  • Account means a unique account created for You to access our Service or parts of our Service.
  • Affiliate means an entity that controls, is controlled by or is under common control with a party, where “control” means ownership of 50% or more of the shares, equity interest or other securities entitled to vote for election of directors or other managing authority.
  • Application means the software program provided by the Company downloaded by You on any electronic device, named CUNCR-YCA iGreen
  • Business, for the purpose of the CCPA (California Consumer Privacy Act), refers to the Company as the legal entity that collects Consumers’ personal information and determines the purposes and means of the processing of Consumers’ personal information, or on behalf of which such information is collected and that alone, or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of consumers’ personal information, that does business in the State of California.

  • Company (referred to as either “the Company”, “We”, “Us” or “Our” in this Agreement) refers to Center for UN Constitutional Research (CUNCR), Avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 103, Brussels, 1050, Beglium.

    For the purpose of the GDPR, the Company is the Data Controller.

  • Consumer, for the purpose of the CCPA (California Consumer Privacy Act), means a natural person who is a California resident. A resident, as defined in the law, includes (1) every individual who is in the USA for other than a temporary or transitory purpose, and (2) every individual who is domiciled in the USA who is outside the USA for a temporary or transitory purpose.
  • Cookies are small files that are placed on Your computer, mobile device or any other device by a website, containing the details of Your browsing history on that website among its many uses.
  • Country refers to: Belgium
  • Data Controller, for the purposes of the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), refers to the Company as the legal person which alone or jointly with others determines the purposes and means of the processing of Personal Data.
  • Device means any device that can access the Service such as a computer, a cellphone or a digital tablet.
  • Do Not Track (DNT) is a concept that has been promoted by US regulatory authorities, in particular the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), for the Internet industry to develop and implement a mechanism for allowing internet users to control the tracking of their online activities across websites.
  • Facebook Fan Page is a public profile named CUNCRthinktank specifically created by the Company on the Facebook social network, accessible from
  • Personal Data is any information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual.

    For the purposes for GDPR, Personal Data means any information relating to You such as a name, an identification number, location data, online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity.

    For the purposes of the CCPA, Personal Data means any information that identifies, relates to, describes or is capable of being associated with, or could reasonably be linked, directly or indirectly, with You.

  • Sale, for the purpose of the CCPA (California Consumer Privacy Act), means selling, renting, releasing, disclosing, disseminating, making available, transferring, or otherwise communicating orally, in writing, or by electronic or other means, a Consumer’s personal information to another business or a third party for monetary or other valuable consideration.
  • Service refers to the Application or the Website or both.
  • Service Provider means any natural or legal person who processes the data on behalf of the Company. It refers to third-party companies or individuals employed by the Company to facilitate the Service, to provide the Service on behalf of the Company, to perform services related to the Service or to assist the Company in analyzing how the Service is used. For the purpose of the GDPR, Service Providers are considered Data Processors.
  • Third-party Social Media Service refers to any website or any social network website through which a User can log in or create an account to use the Service.
  • Usage Data refers to data collected automatically, either generated by the use of the Service or from the Service infrastructure itself (for example, the duration of a page visit).
  • Website refers to Center for UN Constitutional Research (CUNCR), accessible from
  • You means the individual accessing or using the Service, or the company, or other legal entity on behalf of which such individual is accessing or using the Service, as applicable.

Under GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), You can be referred to as the Data Subject or as the User as you are the individual using the Service.

Collecting and Using Your Personal Data

Types of Data Collected

Personal Data

While using Our Service, We may ask You to provide Us with certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify You. Personally identifiable information may include, but is not limited to:

  • Email address
  • First name and last name
  • Phone number
  • Address, State, Province, ZIP/Postal code, City
  • Bank account information in order to pay for products and/or services within the Service
  • Usage Data

When You pay for a product and/or a service via bank transfer, We may ask You to provide information to facilitate this transaction and to verify Your identity. Such information may include, without limitation:

  • Date of birth
  • Passport or National ID card
  • Bank card statement
  • Other information linking You to an address
Usage Data

Usage Data is collected automatically when using the Service.

Usage Data may include information such as Your Device’s Internet Protocol address (e.g. IP address), browser type, browser version, the pages of our Service that You visit, the time and date of Your visit, the time spent on those pages, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

When You access the Service by or through a mobile device, We may collect certain information automatically, including, but not limited to, the type of mobile device You use, Your mobile device unique ID, the IP address of Your mobile device, Your mobile operating system, the type of mobile Internet browser You use, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

We may also collect information that Your browser sends whenever You visit our Service or when You access the Service by or through a mobile device.

Information from Third-Party Social Media Services

The Company allows You to create an account and log in to use the Service through the following Third-party Social Media Services:

  • Google
  • Facebook
  • Twitter

If You decide to register through or otherwise grant us access to a Third-Party Social Media Service, We may collect Personal data that is already associated with Your Third-Party Social Media Service’s account, such as Your name, Your email address, Your activities or Your contact list associated with that account.

You may also have the option of sharing additional information with the Company through Your Third-Party Social Media Service’s account. If You choose to provide such information and Personal Data, during registration or otherwise, You are giving the Company permission to use, share, and store it in a manner consistent with this Privacy Policy.

Information Collected while Using the Application

While using Our Application, in order to provide features of Our Application, We may collect, with Your prior permission:

  • Information regarding your location

We use this information to provide features of Our Service, to improve and customize Our Service. The information may be uploaded to the Company’s servers and/or a Service Provider’s server or it may be simply stored on Your device.

You can enable or disable access to this information at any time, through Your Device settings.

Tracking Technologies and Cookies

We use Cookies and similar tracking technologies to track the activity on Our Service and store certain information. Tracking technologies used are beacons, tags, and scripts to collect and track information and to improve and analyze Our Service. The technologies We use may include:

  • Cookies or Browser Cookies. A cookie is a small file placed on Your Device. You can instruct Your browser to refuse all Cookies or to indicate when a Cookie is being sent. However, if You do not accept Cookies, You may not be able to use some parts of our Service. Unless you have adjusted Your browser setting so that it will refuse Cookies, our Service may use Cookies.
  • Flash Cookies. Certain features of our Service may use local stored objects (or Flash Cookies) to collect and store information about Your preferences or Your activity on our Service. Flash Cookies are not managed by the same browser settings as those used for Browser Cookies. For more information on how You can delete Flash Cookies, please read “Where can I change the settings for disabling, or deleting local shared objects?” available at
  • Web Beacons. Certain sections of our Service and our emails may contain small electronic files known as web beacons (also referred to as clear gifs, pixel tags, and single-pixel gifs) that permit the Company, for example, to count users who have visited those pages or opened an email and for other related website statistics (for example, recording the popularity of a certain section and verifying system and server integrity).

Cookies can be “Persistent” or “Session” Cookies. Persistent Cookies remain on Your personal computer or mobile device when You go offline, while Session Cookies are deleted as soon as You close Your web browser. Learn more about cookies: Cookies: What Do They Do?.

We use both Session and Persistent Cookies for the purposes set out below:

  • Necessary / Essential Cookies

    Type: Session Cookies

    Administered by: Us

    Purpose: These Cookies are essential to provide You with services available through the Website and to enable You to use some of its features. They help to authenticate users and prevent fraudulent use of user accounts. Without these Cookies, the services that You have asked for cannot be provided, and We only use these Cookies to provide You with those services.

  • Cookies Policy / Notice Acceptance Cookies

    Type: Persistent Cookies

    Administered by: Us

    Purpose: These Cookies identify if users have accepted the use of cookies on the Website.

  • Functionality Cookies

    Type: Persistent Cookies

    Administered by: Us

    Purpose: These Cookies allow us to remember choices You make when You use the Website, such as remembering your login details or language preference. The purpose of these Cookies is to provide You with a more personal experience and to avoid You having to re-enter your preferences every time You use the Website.

For more information about the cookies we use and your choices regarding cookies, please visit our Cookies Policy or the Cookies section of our Privacy Policy.

Use of Your Personal Data

The Company may use Personal Data for the following purposes:

  • To provide and maintain our Service, including to monitor the usage of our Service.

  • To manage Your Account: to manage Your registration as a user of the Service. The Personal Data You provide can give You access to different functionalities of the Service that are available to You as a registered user.

  • For the performance of a contract: the development, compliance and undertaking of the purchase contract for the products, items or services You have purchased or of any other contract with Us through the Service.

  • To contact You: To contact You by email, telephone calls, SMS, or other equivalent forms of electronic communication, such as a mobile application’s push notifications regarding updates or informative communications related to the functionalities, products or contracted services, including the security updates, when necessary or reasonable for their implementation.

  • To provide You with news, special offers and general information about other goods, services and events which we offer that are similar to those that you have already purchased or enquired about unless You have opted not to receive such information.

  • To manage Your requests: To attend and manage Your requests to Us.

  • For business transfers: We may use Your information to evaluate or conduct a merger, divestiture, restructuring, reorganization, dissolution, or other sale or transfer of some or all of Our assets, whether as a going concern or as part of bankruptcy, liquidation, or similar proceeding, in which Personal Data held by Us about our Service users is among the assets transferred.

  • For other purposes: We may use Your information for other purposes, such as data analysis, identifying usage trends, determining the effectiveness of our promotional campaigns and to evaluate and improve our Service, products, services, marketing and your experience.

We may share Your personal information in the following situations:

  • With Service Providers: We may share Your personal information with Service Providers to monitor and analyze the use of our Service, for payment processing, to contact You.
  • For business transfers: We may share or transfer Your personal information in connection with, or during negotiations of, any merger, sale of Company assets, financing, or acquisition of all or a portion of Our business to another company.
  • With Affiliates: We may share Your information with Our affiliates, in which case we will require those affiliates to honor this Privacy Policy. Affiliates include Our parent company and any other subsidiaries, joint venture partners or other companies that We control or that are under common control with Us.
  • With business partners: We may share Your information with Our business partners to offer You certain products, services or promotions.
  • With other users: when You share personal information or otherwise interact in the public areas with other users, such information may be viewed by all users and may be publicly distributed outside. If You interact with other users or register through a Third-Party Social Media Service, Your contacts on the Third-Party Social Media Service may see Your name, profile, pictures and description of Your activity. Similarly, other users will be able to view descriptions of Your activity, communicate with You and view Your profile.
  • With Your consent: We may disclose Your personal information for any other purpose with Your consent.

Retention of Your Personal Data

The Company will retain Your Personal Data only for as long as is necessary for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. We will retain and use Your Personal Data to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations (for example, if we are required to retain your data to comply with applicable laws), resolve disputes, and enforce our legal agreements and policies.

The Company will also retain Usage Data for internal analysis purposes. Usage Data is generally retained for a shorter period of time, except when this data is used to strengthen the security or to improve the functionality of Our Service, or We are legally obligated to retain this data for longer time periods.

Transfer of Your Personal Data

Your information, including Personal Data, is processed at the Company’s operating offices and in any other places where the parties involved in the processing are located. It means that this information may be transferred to — and maintained on — computers located outside of Your state, province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from Your jurisdiction.

Your consent to this Privacy Policy followed by Your submission of such information represents Your agreement to that transfer.

The Company will take all steps reasonably necessary to ensure that Your data is treated securely and in accordance with this Privacy Policy and no transfer of Your Personal Data will take place to an organization or a country unless there are adequate controls in place including the security of Your data and other personal information.

Disclosure of Your Personal Data

Business Transactions

If the Company is involved in a merger, acquisition or asset sale, Your Personal Data may be transferred. We will provide notice before Your Personal Data is transferred and becomes subject to a different Privacy Policy.

Law enforcement

Under certain circumstances, the Company may be required to disclose Your Personal Data if required to do so by law or in response to valid requests by public authorities (e.g. a court or a government agency).

Other legal requirements

The Company may disclose Your Personal Data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to:

  • Comply with a legal obligation
  • Protect and defend the rights or property of the Company
  • Prevent or investigate possible wrongdoing in connection with the Service
  • Protect the personal safety of Users of the Service or the public
  • Protect against legal liability

Security of Your Personal Data

The security of Your Personal Data is important to Us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While We strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect Your Personal Data, We cannot guarantee its absolute security.

Detailed Information on the Processing of Your Personal Data

The Service Providers We use may have access to Your Personal Data. These third-party vendors collect, store, use, process and transfer information about Your activity on Our Service in accordance with their Privacy Policies.

Email Marketing

We may use Your Personal Data to contact You with newsletters, marketing or promotional materials and other information that may be of interest to You. You may opt-out of receiving any, or all, of these communications from Us by following the unsubscribe link or instructions provided in any email We send or by contacting Us.

We may use Email Marketing Service Providers to manage and send emails to You.

  • Mailchimp

Mailchimp is an email marketing sending service provided by The Rocket Science Group LLC.

For more information on the privacy practices of Mailchimp, please visit their Privacy policy:


We may provide paid products and/or services within the Service. In that case, we may use third-party services for payment processing (e.g. payment processors).

We will not store or collect Your payment card details. That information is provided directly to Our third-party payment processors whose use of Your personal information is governed by their Privacy Policy. These payment processors adhere to the standards set by PCI-DSS as managed by the PCI Security Standards Council, which is a joint effort of brands like Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover. PCI-DSS requirements help ensure the secure handling of payment information.

When You use Our Service to pay a product and/or service via bank transfer, We may ask You to provide information to facilitate this transaction and to verify Your identity.

GDPR Privacy

Legal Basis for Processing Personal Data under GDPR

We may process Personal Data under the following conditions:

  • Consent: You have given Your consent for processing Personal Data for one or more specific purposes.
  • Performance of a contract: Provision of Personal Data is necessary for the performance of an agreement with You and/or for any pre-contractual obligations thereof.
  • Legal obligations: Processing Personal Data is necessary for compliance with a legal obligation to which the Company is subject.
  • Vital interests: Processing Personal Data is necessary in order to protect Your vital interests or of another natural person.
  • Public interests: Processing Personal Data is related to a task that is carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the Company.
  • Legitimate interests: Processing Personal Data is necessary for the purposes of the legitimate interests pursued by the Company.

In any case, the Company will gladly help to clarify the specific legal basis that applies to the processing, and in particular whether the provision of Personal Data is a statutory or contractual requirement, or a requirement necessary to enter into a contract.

Your Rights under the GDPR

The Company undertakes to respect the confidentiality of Your Personal Data and to guarantee You can exercise Your rights.

You have the right under this Privacy Policy, and by law if You are within the EU, to:

  • Request access to Your Personal Data. The right to access, update or delete the information We have on You. Whenever made possible, you can access, update or request deletion of Your Personal Data directly within Your account settings section. If you are unable to perform these actions yourself, please contact Us to assist You. This also enables You to receive a copy of the Personal Data We hold about You.
  • Request correction of the Personal Data that We hold about You. You have the right to have any incomplete or inaccurate information We hold about You corrected.
  • Object to processing of Your Personal Data. This right exists where We are relying on a legitimate interest as the legal basis for Our processing and there is something about Your particular situation, which makes You want to object to our processing of Your Personal Data on this ground. You also have the right to object where We are processing Your Personal Data for direct marketing purposes.
  • Request erasure of Your Personal Data. You have the right to ask Us to delete or remove Personal Data when there is no good reason for Us to continue processing it.
  • Request the transfer of Your Personal Data. We will provide to You, or to a third-party You have chosen, Your Personal Data in a structured, commonly used, machine-readable format. Please note that this right only applies to automated information which You initially provided consent for Us to use or where We used the information to perform a contract with You.
  • Withdraw Your consent. You have the right to withdraw Your consent on using your Personal Data. If You withdraw Your consent, We may not be able to provide You with access to certain specific functionalities of the Service.

Exercising of Your GDPR Data Protection Rights

You may exercise Your rights of access, rectification, cancellation and opposition by contacting Us. Please note that we may ask You to verify Your identity before responding to such requests. If You make a request, We will try our best to respond to You as soon as possible.

You have the right to complain to a Data Protection Authority about Our collection and use of Your Personal Data. For more information, if You are in the European Economic Area (EEA), please contact Your local data protection authority in the EEA.

Facebook Fan Page

Data Controller for the Facebook Fan Page

The Company is the Data Controller of Your Personal Data collected while using the Service. As operator of the Facebook Fan Page, the Company and the operator of the social network Facebook are Joint Controllers.

The Company has entered into agreements with Facebook that define the terms for use of the Facebook Fan Page, among other things. These terms are mostly based on the Facebook Terms of Service:

Visit the Facebook Privacy Policy for more information about how Facebook manages Personal data or contact Facebook online, or by mail: Facebook, Inc. ATTN, Privacy Operations, 1601 Willow Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, United States.

Facebook Insights

We use the Facebook Insights function in connection with the operation of the Facebook Fan Page and on the basis of the GDPR, in order to obtain anonymized statistical data about Our users.

For this purpose, Facebook places a Cookie on the device of the user visiting Our Facebook Fan Page. Each Cookie contains a unique identifier code and remains active for a period of two years, except when it is deleted before the end of this period.

Facebook receives, records and processes the information stored in the Cookie, especially when the user visits the Facebook services, services that are provided by other members of the Facebook Fan Page and services by other companies that use Facebook services.

For more information on the privacy practices of Facebook, please visit Facebook Privacy Policy here:

CCPA Privacy

This privacy notice section for California residents supplements the information contained in Our Privacy Policy and it applies solely to all visitors, users, and others who reside in the State of California.

Categories of Personal Information Collected

We collect information that identifies, relates to, describes, references, is capable of being associated with, or could reasonably be linked, directly or indirectly, with a particular Consumer or Device. The following is a list of categories of personal information which we may collect or may have been collected from California residents within the last twelve (12) months.

Please note that the categories and examples provided in the list below are those defined in the CCPA. This does not mean that all examples of that category of personal information were in fact collected by Us, but reflects our good faith belief to the best of our knowledge that some of that information from the applicable category may be and may have been collected. For example, certain categories of personal information would only be collected if You provided such personal information directly to Us.

  • Category A: Identifiers.

    Examples: A real name, alias, postal address, unique personal identifier, online identifier, Internet Protocol address, email address, account name, driver’s license number, passport number, or other similar identifiers.

    Collected: Yes.

  • Category B: Personal information categories listed in the California Customer Records statute (Cal. Civ. Code § 1798.80(e)).

    Examples: A name, signature, Social Security number, physical characteristics or description, address, telephone number, passport number, driver’s license or state identification card number, insurance policy number, education, employment, employment history, bank account number, credit card number, debit card number, or any other financial information, medical information, or health insurance information. Some personal information included in this category may overlap with other categories.

    Collected: Yes.

  • Category C: Protected classification characteristics under California or federal law.

    Examples: Age (40 years or older), race, color, ancestry, national origin, citizenship, religion or creed, marital status, medical condition, physical or mental disability, sex (including gender, gender identity, gender expression, pregnancy or childbirth and related medical conditions), sexual orientation, veteran or military status, genetic information (including familial genetic information).

    Collected: No.

  • Category D: Commercial information.

    Examples: Records and history of products or services purchased or considered.

    Collected: Yes.

  • Category E: Biometric information.

    Examples: Genetic, physiological, behavioral, and biological characteristics, or activity patterns used to extract a template or other identifier or identifying information, such as, fingerprints, faceprints, and voiceprints, iris or retina scans, keystroke, gait, or other physical patterns, and sleep, health, or exercise data.

    Collected: No.

  • Category F: Internet or other similar network activity.

    Examples: Interaction with our Service or advertisement.

    Collected: Yes.

  • Category G: Geolocation data.

    Examples: Approximate physical location.

    Collected: Yes.

  • Category H: Sensory data.

    Examples: Audio, electronic, visual, thermal, olfactory, or similar information.

    Collected: No.

  • Category I: Professional or employment-related information.

    Examples: Current or past job history or performance evaluations.

    Collected: No.

  • Category J: Non-public education information (per the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (20 U.S.C. Section 1232g, 34 C.F.R. Part 99)).

    Examples: Education records directly related to a student maintained by an educational institution or party acting on its behalf, such as grades, transcripts, class lists, student schedules, student identification codes, student financial information, or student disciplinary records.

    Collected: No.

  • Category K: Inferences drawn from other personal information.

    Examples: Profile reflecting a person’s preferences, characteristics, psychological trends, predispositions, behavior, attitudes, intelligence, abilities, and aptitudes.

    Collected: No.

Under CCPA, personal information does not include:

  • Publicly available information from government records
  • Deidentified or aggregated consumer information
  • Information excluded from the CCPA’s scope, such as:
    • Health or medical information covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) and the California Confidentiality of Medical Information Act (CMIA) or clinical trial data
    • Personal Information covered by certain sector-specific privacy laws, including the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA), the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) or California Financial Information Privacy Act (FIPA), and the Driver’s Privacy Protection Act of 1994

Sources of Personal Information

We obtain the categories of personal information listed above from the following categories of sources:

  • Directly from You. For example, from the forms You complete on our Service, preferences You express or provide through our Service, or from Your purchases on our Service.
  • Indirectly from You. For example, from observing Your activity on our Service.
  • Automatically from You. For example, through cookies We or our Service Providers set on Your Device as You navigate through our Service.
  • From Service Providers. For example, third-party vendors for payment processing, or other third-party vendors that We use to provide the Service to You.

Use of Personal Information for Business Purposes or Commercial Purposes

We may use or disclose personal information We collect for “business purposes” or “commercial purposes” (as defined under the CCPA), which may include the following examples:

  • To operate our Service and provide You with our Service.
  • To provide You with support and to respond to Your inquiries, including to investigate and address Your concerns and monitor and improve our Service.
  • To fulfill or meet the reason You provided the information. For example, if You share Your contact information to ask a question about our Service, We will use that personal information to respond to Your inquiry. If You provide Your personal information to purchase a product or service, We will use that information to process Your payment and facilitate delivery.
  • To respond to law enforcement requests and as required by applicable law, court order, or governmental regulations.
  • As described to You when collecting Your personal information or as otherwise set forth in the CCPA.
  • For internal administrative and auditing purposes.
  • To detect security incidents and protect against malicious, deceptive, fraudulent or illegal activity, including, when necessary, to prosecute those responsible for such activities.

Please note that the examples provided above are illustrative and not intended to be exhaustive. For more details on how we use this information, please refer to the “Use of Your Personal Data” section.

If We decide to collect additional categories of personal information or use the personal information We collected for materially different, unrelated, or incompatible purposes We will update this Privacy Policy.

Disclosure of Personal Information for Business Purposes or Commercial Purposes

We may use or disclose and may have used or disclosed in the last twelve (12) months the following categories of personal information for business or commercial purposes:

  • Category A: Identifiers
  • Category B: Personal information categories listed in the California Customer Records statute (Cal. Civ. Code § 1798.80(e))
  • Category D: Commercial information
  • Category F: Internet or other similar network activity
  • Category G: Geolocation data

Please note that the categories listed above are those defined in the CCPA. This does not mean that all examples of that category of personal information were in fact disclosed, but reflects our good faith belief to the best of our knowledge that some of that information from the applicable category may be and may have been disclosed.

When We disclose personal information for a business purpose or a commercial purpose, We enter a contract that describes the purpose and requires the recipient to both keep that personal information confidential and not use it for any purpose except performing the contract.

Sale of Personal Information

As defined in the CCPA, “sell” and “sale” mean selling, renting, releasing, disclosing, disseminating, making available, transferring, or otherwise communicating orally, in writing, or by electronic or other means, a consumer’s personal information by the business to a third party for valuable consideration. This means that We may have received some kind of benefit in return for sharing personal information, but not necessarily a monetary benefit.

Please note that the categories listed below are those defined in the CCPA. This does not mean that all examples of that category of personal information were in fact sold, but reflects our good faith belief to the best of our knowledge that some of that information from the applicable category may be and may have been shared for value in return.

We may sell and may have sold in the last twelve (12) months the following categories of personal information:

  • Category A: Identifiers
  • Category B: Personal information categories listed in the California Customer Records statute (Cal. Civ. Code § 1798.80(e))
  • Category D: Commercial information
  • Category F: Internet or other similar network activity
  • Category G: Geolocation data

Share of Personal Information

We may share Your personal information identified in the above categories with the following categories of third parties:

  • Service Providers
  • Payment processors
  • Our affiliates
  • Our business partners
  • Third party vendors to whom You or Your agents authorize Us to disclose Your personal information in connection with products or services We provide to You

Sale of Personal Information of Minors Under 16 Years of Age

We do not knowingly collect personal information from minors under the age of 16 through our Service, although certain third party websites that we link to may do so. These third-party websites have their own terms of use and privacy policies and we encourage parents and legal guardians to monitor their children’s Internet usage and instruct their children to never provide information on other websites without their permission.

We do not sell the personal information of Consumers We actually know are less than 16 years of age, unless We receive affirmative authorization (the “right to opt-in”) from either the Consumer who is between 13 and 16 years of age, or the parent or guardian of a Consumer less than 13 years of age. Consumers who opt-in to the sale of personal information may opt-out of future sales at any time. To exercise the right to opt-out, You (or Your authorized representative) may submit a request to Us by contacting Us.

If You have reason to believe that a child under the age of 13 (or 16) has provided Us with personal information, please contact Us with sufficient detail to enable Us to delete that information.

Your Rights under the CCPA

The CCPA provides California residents with specific rights regarding their personal information. If You are a resident of California, You have the following rights:

  • The right to notice. You have the right to be notified which categories of Personal Data are being collected and the purposes for which the Personal Data is being used.
  • The right to request. Under CCPA, You have the right to request that We disclose information to You about Our collection, use, sale, disclosure for business purposes and share of personal information. Once We receive and confirm Your request, We will disclose to You:
    • The categories of personal information We collected about You
    • The categories of sources for the personal information We collected about You
    • Our business or commercial purpose for collecting or selling that personal information
    • The categories of third parties with whom We share that personal information
    • The specific pieces of personal information We collected about You
    • If we sold Your personal information or disclosed Your personal information for a business purpose, We will disclose to You:
      • The categories of personal information categories sold
      • The categories of personal information categories disclosed
  • The right to say no to the sale of Personal Data (opt-out). You have the right to direct Us to not sell Your personal information. To submit an opt-out request please contact Us.
  • The right to delete Personal Data. You have the right to request the deletion of Your Personal Data, subject to certain exceptions. Once We receive and confirm Your request, We will delete (and direct Our Service Providers to delete) Your personal information from our records, unless an exception applies. We may deny Your deletion request if retaining the information is necessary for Us or Our Service Providers to:
    • Complete the transaction for which We collected the personal information, provide a good or service that You requested, take actions reasonably anticipated within the context of our ongoing business relationship with You, or otherwise perform our contract with You.
    • Detect security incidents, protect against malicious, deceptive, fraudulent, or illegal activity, or prosecute those responsible for such activities.
    • Debug products to identify and repair errors that impair existing intended functionality.
    • Exercise free speech, ensure the right of another consumer to exercise their free speech rights, or exercise another right provided for by law.
    • Comply with the California Electronic Communications Privacy Act (Cal. Penal Code § 1546 et. seq.).
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Privacy Policy for Center for UN Constitutional Research (CUNCR)

Dr. Suchismita Pattanaik

Resident Research Fellow (Greece)

Dr. Suchismita Pattanaik has a Ph.D. in Biotechnology and has almost 10 years of research experience in the field of biogeochemistry and climatic research. She has authored research articles, review articles, and book chapters with leading international publishers and is a speaker at many national/international conferences. She has experience in diverse capacities in the spheres of teaching, research, and global unification.

Country: India

Assoc. Professor Hung-jen Wang

Resident Research Fellow (Taiwan)
Meet CUNCR Fellow Hung-jen Wang, associate professor in political science at National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, and expert in China’s rising role in the field of global governance. Aside from his MA in International Security from Josef Korbel School at the University of Denver and Ph.D. in International Politics from ERCCT at the University of Tübingen, Germany, Wang is the author of The Rise of China and Chinese International Relations Scholarship and co-author of Balance of Relationships: China and International Theory. Now part of CUNCR’s Fellowship programme, Wang presented a research report, entitled “The Predicament of Global Governance Practices: Review COP23 Achievements and Chinese Policy,” at the Climate Justice Seminar II. During the event, Wang not only learned from other participants regarding their in-depth views on climate change and justice, but also realized the core values and interests of protecting our environment through activities such as hiking and rafting. Now back in Brussels, Wang will continue to conduct his research project regarding PRC China’s views on global governance reform, especially its position on UN Charter review.

Dr. Margaret Ainley

Resident Research Fellow (Kenya/UK)

Maggie is what some have called a reluctant academic.  Driven by an inordinate sense of purpose to better understand the nature of leadership and governance on the African continent and in her home country Kenya, she recently undertook her PhD studies in International Relations at the London School of Economics.  Her thesis, ‘A Re-Imagining of the State in Africa’ sought to move away from the traditionally state-centred analysis of politics and state in Africa, focusing instead, on the role of ideas and leadership in shaping state formation processes on the same.

Prior to joining the LSE, Maggie worked as a research consultant at the Institute for Security Studies and thereafter, joined the Kenya Institute of Governance where she led a series of nationwide workshops on Collaborative Leadership and Dialogue in Kenya in conjunction with the United Nations Development Programme.  Bringing together key leaders in government, civil society and the public sector, the programme aimed at supporting the transformation of Kenya’s leadership through the development of effective and holistic strategies for managing and resolving differences while building inclusive processes that advance governance.  

Maggie is an ESRC scholar and more recently, a postdoctoral researcher at the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa at the LSE.

Dr. Saeed Bagheri

Resident Research Fellow (Iran)

Dr. Saeed Bagheri is Visiting Post-Doctoral Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI) where he served as the Max Weber Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Law Department from September 2017 to August 2018. He was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge (Summer 2018), Visiting Lecturer at University College London (UCL) and Visiting Fellow at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University Law School (Spring 2018), and Assistant Professor of Public International Law at Akdeniz University in Turkey (2015-17).

He studied human rights law and international law in Iran and Turkey. He obtained his doctoral degree from Ankara University in 2015. Dr. Bagheri is an Editorial Board of the Scholink published peer-reviewed Journal of Economics, Law and Policy. His main research interests lie primarily in the area of public international law, the law of armed conflict and war studies, law on the use of armed force, international peace and security, human rights, nuclear weapons and disarmament.

Huaru Kang

Resident Research Fellow (China)
Huaru Kang is a PhD candidate in human rights law from Zhongnan University of Economics and Law in China. Before joining the CUNCR, Huaru worked with the United Nations Refugee Agency—the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Ethiopia as a Comprehensive Refugee Response (CRR) Officer, and participated from the front line in the development of the Global Compact on Refugees, which is due to be proposed by the High Commissioner for Refugees in his annual report to the General Assembly in 2018. She particularly supported UNHCR in engaging the Chinese Embassy in Addis Ababa and the Chinese Mission to the African Union in supporting refugees in Ethiopia and more broadly on the African continent. Previously, Huaru worked with the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs in New York and the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva as an intern, conducting research on a number of topics concerning public international law and institutional law of the UN. Before her service with the UN, Huaru also conducted research in Columbia Law School as a visiting scholar focusing on human rights, peace and security and humanitarian intervention. Her expertise also lies in the Chinese traditional legal system particularly the influence of Confucianism on it, which enabled her to publish several papers in journals and to participate in writing two books in this area. Currently, her research mainly focuses on China’s approach to human rights, participation of China in international human rights affairs and the global Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF).

Boshko Stankovski

Resident Research Fellow (Macedonia)
Boshko Stankovski is a PhD Candidate at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. His doctoral dissertation focusses on peace agreements on self-determination and secession disputes, and the engagement of the international community in the process. He also holds an MPhil in international relations from the University of Cambridge, where his thesis about the international legal aspects regarding the secession of Kosovo was awarded with distinction mark. Boshko Stankovski was a 2014/2015 research fellow at the Program on Negotiation at the Harvard Law School where he studied the complexities of secession negotiations and the role of international law in regard to them. While at Harvard, he organised a research panel on the name dispute between the Republic of Macedonia and the Hellenic Republic. During 2015-2016 he was commissioned as an expert consultant for the Danish Refugee Council and produced a 40-pages report on the legal protection issues regarding the Georgian-speaking community residing in Abkhazia. Before coming to Cambridge, he worked for the Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia. He is a co-founder and the first president of the Centre for Intercultural Dialogue, one of the most active youth NGO in the Republic of Macedonia, which focusses on conflict prevention and resolution by fostering intercultural dialogue and understanding. He was also the McCloskey Fellow at the Institute of Russian and East European Studies in Bloomington, Indiana, USA (2010), and a visiting scholar at the Sydney Law School, Australia (2012). He is a senior collaborator of NNEdPro, University of Cambridge, researching on international legal and political aspect regarding the right to food. He has presented at many international academic conferences and his work has been published in international peer-reviewed academic journals.

Assistant Professor Antonios Kouroutakis

Resident Research Fellow (Greece)

Dr. Antonios Kouroutakis is Assistant Professor at IE University in Madrid, Spain and he has taught a variety of law courses and conducted research at the City University of Hong Kong, the Free University of Berlin, FVG Sao Paolo, and Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Kouroutakis received a DPhil in Law from University of Oxford and an LLM form UCLA School of Law. Dr. Kouroutakis’ research interests lie mainly in the field of constitutional engineering, public law and regulation.

In particular, Dr Kouroutakis is interested in the concept of separation of powers, rule of law, emergency legislation, and the regulation of new technologies; he has published widely on these topics in international and peer reviewed journals, and his work has been cited in numerous reports while his research on the constitutional value of sunset clauses was cited by the British Parliament.

Maria Vizdoaga, LLM

Resident Research Fellow (Moldova)
Maria Vizdoaga is a recent graduate from Columbia Law School in New York where she got her LL.M degree in International Law and Humanitarian Law. Before joining the CUNCR, Maria completed three internships with the United Nations in New York in the Conduct and Discipline Unit, Management Evaluation Unit and the Office of Legal Affairs. During her service with the Office of Legal Affairs, Maria supported drafting a report on the criminal accountability of UN staff members and experts on mission. She is also the recipient of the Postgraduate Public Interest and Government Fellowship offered by Columbia Law School. Maria also has a Masters in European Union Studies from Leiden University, the Netherlands and a Bachelors in Law from the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova. Her academic and professional interests include criminal accountability of UN staff members in peacekeeping missions, the role of the United Nations in peacebuilding and peacekeeping, as well as the cooperation between the European Union and the United Nations. Previously, she worked for the East Europe Foundation in Chisinau, Moldova where she supported the implementation of gender equality projects that aimed at increasing women’s participation in decision-making in politics and other initiatives that aimed at furthering the democratization process in Moldova. As a fellow with CUNCR, Maria will focus on research and implementing projects on the Security Council Reform and the world’s Parliamentary Assemblies.

Mais Qandeel, PhD

Resident Research Fellow (Palestine)
Mais Qandeel is a lawyer with twelve years of experience in litigation and international public law, focusing on human rights and comparative constitutional law. Currently, she is working on the publication of her Ph.D. dissertation as a monograph, titled “Enforcing Human Rights of Palestinians in the Occupied Territory.” She completed her Ph.D. studies at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and her Master of Law at the University of Pittsburgh, USA. Mais was a Guest Researcher (2013-2017) at the Institute of Federalism, University of Fribourg, Switzerland. She was the Head of the International Humanitarian Law Unit at the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) and was teaching international public law at Al-Quds University in Palestine. For more than five years, she was a practicing lawyer in Palestine and was a legal advisor at the PRCS. As a Research Fellow at CUNCR, Mais is interested in conducting research on global governance and UN Security Council Reform through collaboration with EU public officials, diplomats and scholars in Belgium.

Aideé Saucedo

Resident Research Fellow (Mexico)
Meet CUNCR Fellow Aideé Saucedo, who has worked the past 8 years to build a career in international development cooperation, providing policy and technical advice to high-level political actors from supranational, national and subnational governments. She has been passionately working on and researching areas such as South-South cooperation, climate change and migration. Furthermore, Aideé has actively participated in multilateral and bilateral forums with interventions regarding South-South cooperation, climate change, the Sustainable Development Goals and human rights that are linked either to the environment and/or migration. Based on this, and seizing the opportunity of being based in the political centre of the EU in Brussels facilitated by CUNCR’s Fellowship programme, she is specifically analysing the European Union’s agenda regarding climate change and energy, the assistance it provides to developing countries to limit climate change, and if this assistance is directed to non-state actors – such as private enterprises, research institutions, or NGOs. The research project is largely based on semi-formal interviews with EU’s public officials from relevant units such as the European External Action Service – EEAS and European Commission – Development & Cooperation – EuropeAid.

Jamie M. Sommer

Resident Research Fellow (USA)
Meet CUNCR resident research fellow: Jamie M. Sommer who will receive her Ph.D. in Sociology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook this October. This fall she will be at Stockholm University for a postdoctoral position in the Department of Political Science. Jamie received her Masters in Sociology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook and B.A. from Montclair State University. Her research and teaching interests broadly include the environment, health, gender, globalization, and statistics. During her fellowship at the Center for United Nations Constitutional Research, she will collect data and carry out research concerning global governance in forestry.

Dr. Marko Filijović

Resident Research Fellow (Greece)

Dr. Marko Filijović is an experienced researcher and a member of the Social Science Research Division, specifically the Politics and International Affairs Research Unit, at the Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) in Athens, Greece. He holds a PhD in Defense Studies from the Faculty of Security Studies at the University of Belgrade. Marko is a member of the Young Transatlantic Network – The German Marshall Fund of the United States (Belgrade chapter) and the Space Generation Advisory Council – SCAG, European Space Policy Institute in Vienna, Austria.

He is an active member of the editorial boards of international journals such as International Law Research – Canadian Center of Science and Education in Toronto, Canada, and Journal of Political Science and International Relations – Science Publishing Group in New York, USA. With over 10 years of research experience and more than 55 articles and studies published in various international journals, his areas of scientific interest include geopolitics, international relations, and, more recently, international law.

Etienne R. Bowie

Etienne R. Bowie has a Bachelor of Science in business where he focused on studying business, economics, and finance. He has experience in administration in the non-profit sector, and has skills in research analysis, digital marketing, and development. He is also experienced in bookkeeping, customer relations, and database management.

Jennifer Froden

Jennifer Froden is a Swedish national educated in the United States of America, where she obtained a bachelor’s degree in criminology and Human Rights at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. During her studies she conducted research for the Center for International Human Rights (CIHR) at John Jay to further develop her knowledge within human rights and global development. She is currently enrolled in a LL.M programme at the Brussels School of International Studies where she is studying International Law with a specialization in Foreign Policy. Alongside with her studies she is also working part-time at a Swedish law firm, Advokatfirman Vinge. She joined CUNCR in 2017 as a volunteer to improve her knowledge of global governance

Princess M. Alegre

Client and Partner Relationship Analyst
Princess Alegre is originally from the small town of Albay, Philippines, and she holds a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science in 2002 from Divine Word College of Legazpi, Legazpi City. Philippines. She was involved with several related groups in the past which have similar objectives to CUNCR when she was in college. She has done lots of volunteering work and extension services to those less fortunate in her country. She worked as an Assistant Secretary at the City Legal Office of Legazpi, then joined one of the subsidiaries of the leading Beverages Company in the Philippines as a Key Accounts Representative. After moving to Dubai, UAE in 2007, she learned the core foundations of administrative work and customer service while working as an Executive Secretary in a Foreign Exchange House. She now works as a Senior Sales Executive in Dubai, covering Middle East, Africa, and Central Asia, as well as helping CUNCR as a Client and Partner Relationship Analyst. She has a passion for justice and equality. Generally, she is interested to know more how NGOs like CUNCR can contribute globally in addressing poverty and equality among people.

Kelci Wilford

Kelci Wilford recently received her LLM with distinction in Human Rights Law with a specialization in International Law at University of Kent Brussels School of International Studies. Her main areas of interest are international criminal law, the ICC, and transitional justice. She also holds an honours degree in International Studies with a specialization in International Cooperation and Conflict from her home country of Canada.

Francisco Plancarte

Francisco Plancarte, a graduate of Mexican and USA law schools, with specialty in domestic and comparative laws, has been a practicing lawyer in the state of Jalisco in Mexico for nearly 40 years.

In addition, Mr. Plancarte, since 2001, when he founded the non-profit, Planetafila AC (accredited by the UN DPI), has been active in civil society and NGO activities advocating United Nations reform and promoting Charter review and establishment of a global parliament (PARMUN). His current civil society efforts, with collaboration with several other Mexican NGOs, is focused on amending Article 39 of the constitution of Mexico to adhere to a federation of nations based on parliamentary representation of global citizens.


Egresado de la facultad de Derecho de la UNAM y Maestro en Derecho Comparado, becado por la New

York University (NYU 1969-1970)

▪ Abogado fiscalista y corporativo para la creación de diversos grupos empresariales como:

Grupo Zapata, Organización Autrey, Grupo Herdez; Grupo Corvi

▪ Asesor de la Asociación Mexicana de Distribuidores de Automotores (AMDA)

▪ Consejero Nacional de COPARMEX (1982-1994)

▪ Presidente del Capítulo Jalisco de la barra mexicana, Colegio de Abogados del 2002 a 2004

▪ Actualmente miembro de:

La Barra Mexicana, Colegio de Abogados desde 1971

AMEXE Asociación Mexicana de Expresidentes Empresariales A.C.

Interamerican Bar Association con sede en Washington D.C. desde 1970

▪ Miembro de Union Internationale des Avocats con sede en París (1980 – 1985)

▪ En alguna ocasión miembro de:

Barra Internacional de Abogados con sede en Londres

American Bar Association con sede en Chicago

▪ Consejero de diversas asociaciones y cámaras empresariales como:

Presidente del Consejero Directivo del Capitulo Pacifico de la US-México Chamber Commerce de

2012 a 2014

▪ Activista en el ámbito internacional:

Participó en diversos congresos y eventos del Programa DPI/NGOS de la ONU en México y

Nueva York

Ha participado en eventos de ongs en Ginebra, Bruselas, Paris, Nicaragua, Japón, Norte de

África, Libia y Marruecos

En 2012 en Filipinas fue nominado para un premio por la Paz mundial por la Gusi Fundation

▪ Conferencista sobre la revisión de la carta de San Francisco de la ONU, con el fin de crear conciencia de

la necesidad de transformar la Asamblea General de la ONU hacia un Parlamento Mundial, con

fundamento en al artículo 109 de dicha Carta.

▪ Promotor junto con estudiantes universitarios y otras ONGs de varios modelos del Parlamento Mundial

Ciudadano en el Congreso de la Unión al igual que la reforma al artículo 39 de la Constitución Mexicana

hacia la adhesión a México a una federación de Naciones con sistema parlamentario.

▪ Fundador de Planetafilia A.C. en el año 2001 y la resolución PARMUN, donde se propone la creación de

un parlamento mundial ciudadano, organismo que se entregó a un grupo de jóvenes universitarios.

▪ Presidente de diversos clubes rotarios, y a nivel internacional promotor ante el Consejo de Legislación

de Rotary Internacional la Declaración Rotaria por la Paz Mundial, que fue aprobada por dicho Consejo

de R.I. en el año 2010

▪ Socio actual del despacho Guzmán y Plancarte con el apoyo de servicios notariales de la Notaria 49

▪ Director General del Centro Mexicano de Responsabilidad Global CEMERG, A.C.

Actividades ciudadanas

▪ Representante del PAN ante el Consejo electoral del Estado de Jalisco, durante los años 1997-2000

▪ Comisionado Federal del Partido Acción Nacional de la elección presidencial de 1987 y 1988

▪ En el año 2005 renunció voluntariamente al Partido Acción Nacional para continuar dirigiendo la ONG

internacional: Planetafilia, A.C. acreditada ante el Programa DPI/NGOS de la ONU, así como la

implementación de la Resolución PARMUN hacia un Parlamento Mundial Ciudadano en cuatro etapas


The Late Professor Joseph E. Schwartzberg

The Late Joseph (Joe) E. Schwartzberg was a life-long peace and justice activist. He served in numerous leadership capacities at the international, national and local levels in organizations associated with the World Federalist Movement, including on its international Council. In 1995 he was one of the founders of the Minnesota Alliance of Peacemakers, and in 2014 established the Workable World Trust, of which he was Director Emeritus. He wrote three books and numerous articles on matters relating to global governance. His book, Transforming the United Nations System: Designs for a Workable World, was published by the United Nations University Press in 2013, and has been warmly endorsed by former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and many other prominent global thinkers. Along with his colleague Nancy Dunlavy, he also completed a Study and Discussion Guide to accompany that book.
Translations of both the book and the Guide have been published in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian and Spanish. The Late Joe taught geography (with an emphasis on political geography) and South Asian studies at the University of Pennsylvania, 1960-64, at the University of Minnesota, 1964-2000, and at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 1979- 80, and published extensively on South Asia. The Late Joe was an active founding member of CUNCR until his passing in late 2018. The legacy of his commitment to CUNCR’s work and better global governance lives on through the Late Joseph E. Schwartzberg Workable World Trust Fellowship.

The Late Dr. John O. Sutter

Member of the Board
The Late John O. Sutter was an international activist all his adult life, starting as a combat soldier in World War II. In the Forties he worked in Military Government, joined a student tour of Western Europe, and earned his B.S. (Foreign Service) and M.A. (History & Economics) at Washington U. For the next four decades he was an Asianist, starting as Vice Consul in Shanghai and serving 6 tours of duty in Indonesia and earning a Ph.D. at Cornell U. He worked 8 years in Malay(si)a; one in Pakistan; and served, inter alia, as Director of Program Management/Grant Administrator at The Asia Foundation’s San Francisco Office. Living in Europe and Asia, Sutter felt a need for finding a way to a well-governed world.
He joined the World Federalists’ Northern California branch in 1986, and served as editor, treasurer, vice president and then President. On the Board of Directors of the national World Federalist Association in 1993 he helped organize the San Francisco hearing of the U.S. Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations. As a Councillor of the international World Federalist Movement, in 1995 he organized its World Congress in San Francisco, including a symposium on “Restructuring the U.N.: Achieving Democratic Global Governance for the 21st Century.” In 2004 he incorporated and founded Democratic World Federalists, stepping down as President in 2012.
The Late John was an active founding member of CUNCR until his passing in early 2019. The legacy of his commitment to CUNCR’s work and better global governance lives on through the Late John O. Sutter Fellowship.

Daniel Schaubacher

Member of the Board
Daniel Schaubacher is a management consultant who presently serves as representative to the European institutions of EBBF – a business ethics professional network specializing in CSR and values-driven leadership in 60 countries. His career has encompassed marketing, economic analysis and trade promotion positions at Nestlé, Lémania/Omega Watch now Swatch group, Bobst Machinery, and the US Department of Commerce. A native of Switzerland, he served as President of People to People Belgium ASBL (international recipient of PTP Outstanding Leadership Award), and a member of the Brussels-EU chapter of the Club of Rome and as board member of the Europe of Cultures Forum
In December 2007, he was awarded a “De Pluim” prize by the King Baudouin Foundation for “continued contributions to peace and business ethics”. He is a past president and honorary member of the Swiss World Federalist Association, and a member of the UN Association of Flanders, Belgium and Belgium’s UN Association. In Switzerland, he served on the executive committee of the Swiss UN Association at the time of the campaign for Switzerland’s full membership in the UN.

Imad Antoine Ibrahim

Resident Research Fellow (Lebanon)
Imad Antoine Ibrahim is a PhD Candidate in Law at the Institute of Law, Politics and Development (DIRPOLIS), Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy. Through his PhD, he is examining the relationship between international water law and human rights agreements applicable to water. He is also a Research Associate at gLAWcal – Global Law Initiative for Sustainable Development, Essex, United Kingdom and a Non-Resident Research Fellow at the Center for Innovation in Gas Research and Utilization (CIGRU) & Institute of Water Security and Science (IWSS), West Virginia University, United States. He has been working on global environmental issues for the last 4-5 years where he spent 3 of them working on European commission projects in China on topics related to Climate change, energy, and environmental protection. Imad is also an Energy policy expert at the Lebanese Oil & Gas Initiative – LOGI, Beirut Lebanon. Previously, he was an EU commission Marie Curie Fellow at Tsinghua University School of Law, THCEREL—Center for Environmental, Natural Resources & Energy Law and at the CRAES—Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences in Beijing (China). He also worked as a researcher in several European and Italian institutes and universities such as the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) and Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale, Novara. Imad likewise was a trainee lawyer at the Jad Law Firm reviewing international conventions related to conventional energy. He holds a master in European Interdisciplinary Studies, from the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium, and Bachelor in Law from the Lebanese University “Filiere Francophone de Droit”, Beirut, Lebanon.

Dr. Otto O. Spijkers

Otto Spijkers is Lecturer of Public International Law at Utrecht University, Senior Research Associate with the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS), and researcher with the Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law (UCWOSL). He was a visiting lecturer inter alia at Xiamen University’s China International Water Law Programme (China), the China Institute for Boundary and Ocean Studies of Wuhan University (China), the Università degli Studi di Salerno (Italy), and the Université Catholique d’Afrique Centrale (Yaoundé, Cameroon). Previously, he was a PhD candidate and lecturer at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies at the University of Leiden. His doctoral dissertation, entitled The United Nations, the Evolution of Global Values and International Law, was published with Intersentia in 2011. He worked as international consultant and coordinator for the United Nations International Law Fellowship Programme. Otto Spijkers studied international law at the University of Amsterdam and New York University School of Law. He studied philosophy at the University of Amsterdam and the University of Malta.

Lucio Levi

Lucio Levi is Professor of Political Science and Comparative Politics at the University of Torino, Italy. He is also Scientific Director of the International Democracy Watch promoted by the Centre for Studies on Federalism, and Member of the Federal Committee of the Union of European Federalists. He is a Former President of the European Federalist Movement in Italy (2009-2015). He edits the journal The Federalist Debate and is the author of 15 books on federalism, European integration, globalisation and international organisations.

Michele Fiorillo

Resident Research Fellow (Italy)


Former Board Member Representative, Youth Climate Ambassadors (YCA)
She was one of the 30 Young people selected by the United Nations Youth Envoy office to be part of the Abu Dhabi Climate Action Meeting, supporting the organization of the first ever United Nations Youth Climate Summit in 2019. Joyce has also been invited to join the group of leaders ‘Women Rise for All’ – a global effort to save lives and protect livelihoods, urging leaders worldwide to address the human crisis of the pandemic, to support the United Nations Secretary- General‘s call for solidarity and action in response to the impacts of covid-19.

Joyce is co-founder of several organizations like the Latin American Observatory of Geopolitics of Energy (Infrastructure, Technology, Security and Energy Integration) where she acts as the President of the UNILA (Federal University of Latin American Integration) Chapter with the organization Student Energy. The Binational Youth Collective of the Parana Basin 3, and the Foz do Iguaçu Educative & Environmental Observatory. In Paraguay she co-founded the National Youth Network for Water, and the Youth Network for Climate Action Paraguay, organizing since 2016 the National COYs (Conference of Youth on Climate Change). Joyce is a member of the World Youth Parliament for Water WYPW (also part of the Blue Peace Initiative, promoting water transboundary cooperation), and the Climate Reality Project Brazil.

Balla Sankareh

YCA Board Representative, The Youth Council and Climate Ambassadors
Founder and President of Kantora Action for Green (KAG), and Carbon Offset Project partner (Gambia)

Vernita Pearl Fort

Member of the Board
Vernita Pearl Fort is an Evolutionary Systems Ecologist, a Political Economist, a former U.S. Diplomat, and a Research Scholar with the Center for African Studies and with the Women and Gender in Global Perspectives Program, both units at the University of Illinois Global Institute, Urbana-Champaign. Her current research concerns The Africana World and Regenerative Global Democracy: Transforming the United Nations and the International Order through the Arts of Transitional Justice.
When serving as a career-diplomat with the U.S. Agency for International Development for 25 years, Vernita Pearl Fort worked in 40 countries across Africa, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America, managing programs with annual budgets of up to two billion dollars.
Vernita Pearl Fort holds a Master of Science Degree from Yale University in Evolutionary Systems Ecology and a Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of California, Berkeley in Natural Resources Management. As a National Economics Association Doctoral Fellow, she studied Economics at the University of Maryland, College Park. She also completed the Economics and Commercial Studies at the United States Foreign Service Institute.
Please find additional information about Vernita Pearl Fort : –

Joyce Najm Mendez

Intern and Program Assistant, CUNCR,
Youth Climate Ambassador, Member of the Board
Technoxamanist, Tedx lecturer and social entrepreneur working on the water-energy-food nexus and transboundary cooperation. MSc candidate Sustainability and Adaptation Planning by the Centre of Alternative Technologies UK. She was one of the 30 Young people selected by the United Nations Youth Envoy office to be part of the Abu Dhabi Climate Action Meeting, supporting the organization of the first ever United Nations Youth Climate Summit in 2019. Joyce has also been invited to join the group of leaders ‘Women Rise for All’ – a global effort to save lives and protect livelihoods, urging leaders worldwide to address the human crisis of the pandemic, to support the United Nations Secretary- General‘s call for solidarity and action in response to the impacts of covid-19.

Joyce is co-founder of several organizations like the Latin American Observatory of Geopolitics of Energy where she acts as the President of the UNILA (Federal University of Latin American Integration) Chapter with the organization Student Energy. The Binational Youth Collective of the Parana Basin 3, and the Foz do Iguaçu Educative & Environmental Observatory. In Paraguay she co-founded the National Youth Network for Water, and the Youth Network for Climate Action Paraguay, organizing since 2016 the National COYs (Conference of Youth on Climate Change). Joyce is a member of the World Youth Parliament for Water WYPW (also part of the Blue Peace Initiative, promoting water transboundary cooperation), and the Climate Reality Project Brazil.

Yasmina Gourchane

Associate Program Manager

Yasmina Gourchane has more than five years experience in NGO advocacy and engagement, most recently as Membership and Outreach Associate for the World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy. In 2016, Ms. Gourchane received a dual Bachelor of Arts degree from Fordham University in International Studies and French Studies. Ms. Gourchane previously served as a Programme Assistant with Parliamentarians for Global Action, a Legal Intern with the Coalition for the ICC, and an intern in the office of the former President of the Assembly of States Parties of the ICC, Ambassador Tiina Intelmann. Ms. Gourchane speaks English and French.
Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh

Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh

Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh is an Assistant Professor of Public International Law at Leiden University and an Adjunct Senior Lecturer in Environmental Law at the University of the South Pacific. Her academic work broadly speaking focuses on the role of law in realising human rights, sustainable development and climate justice. Her recent book, State Responsibility, Climate Change and Human Rights (Hart Publishing) explains when and where State action related to climate change may amount to a violation of human rights. Margaretha’s research builds on more than a decade of involvement in legal processes relating to sustainable development and human rights. Amongst other things, she has acted as a legal adviser to governments at international climate change negotiations, represented non-governmental organisations at the UN Human Rights Council, and advised the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the nexus between climate change and human rights in Africa. She is currently advising the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights’ Regional Office for the Pacific on human rights and climate justice, and serves as the Deputy Regional Director for Europe of the Global Network on Human Rights and the Environment. She is also a founding Board Member of the Climate Justice Fund, a one of a kind financial facility to support the development and use of legal avenues towards global climate justice. 


Margaretha holds a PhD from the European University Institute, a European Master’s in Human Rights and Democratisation (E.MA) from the European Inter-University Centre on Human Rights and Democratisation, a Graduate LLB from Nottingham Law School and a BA (Philosophy) and BSc (Cultural Anthropology & Development Studies) from the Radboud University. She received a Lord Justice Holker Award from the Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn (London) and was called to the Bar of England and Wales in 2014. She is an Attorney at Blue Ocean Law, a boutique international law firm based in Guam specialising in human rights and indigenous rights, self-determination and environmental justice in the Pacific.

Dr. Wolfgang Pape

Dr.Wolfgang PAPE is currently free writer and lecturer after recent Fellowships in Seoul and Taipei, having served the European Commission over thirty years. His last diplomatic posting was as First Councillor in Tokyo, where he managed the EU-Japan Centre. Previously in Brussels, he was in charge of the ‘Asia Strategy’ and contributed to the ‘White Paper on Governance’ of the EC. In the 1990’s, Wolfgang worked in the think tank of EC President Delors (incl. a fellowship at the Brookings Institution, USA). Beforehand, he coordinated Asian cases in anti-dumping, after having served the EC during six years in Tokyo until 1988.

Educated in Kassel (D) and New York (USA), he studied law and economics at the universities of Marburg (D) and Genève (CH), researched for his PhD during two years at Kyoto University (J) and Harvard (USA) following his study of Japanese in Osaka (J). He received his Dr.iuris in Freiburg (D) with his book on Japanese law, before joining the EC in 1982, after work as Advisor at the Embassy of Japan in Bonn (D).

His publications in English, German, Japanese and French cover Europe and Asia as well as global governance, for which he coined the term “Omnilateralism” (see

Fritz Pointer

After teaching at Contra Costa College in San Pablo, California for 27 years, Fritz Pointer is now Professor Emeritus, Department of English and African American Studies. He received Masters in African History from UCLA and in African Literature from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. Professor Pointer has published numerous scholarly and creative works and articles. During the 1960’s he was a political activist in Oakland, California: Director of the Pan African Cultural Center and a founding member of the Black Panther Party of Northern California. In those years he wrote polemical essays and poetry. His books include: A Passion to Liberate: La Guma’s South Africa – “Images of District Six” (2001); and, African Oral Epic Poetry: Praising the Deeds of a Mythic Hero (2013). He is also, the older brother of the internationally known singing group, The Pointer Sisters.

Fani Tsaroucha

Resident Research Fellow (Greece)
Fani is a junior Earth Scientist that is currently developing the framework of the Carbon Offset Programme. Her work focuses on reviewing the science behind the capacity of trees to sequester Carbon Dioxide. She also researches the selection of the geographical areas of the Carbon Offset Programme in correlation with the suggestion of Dr. Joseph Schwartzberg on an equitable theoretical reordering of the world and a new global governance architecture. Her responsibilities expand to the design and management of the various tree-planting partnering projects.

Shabira Rogers


Undergraduate student at University of California, Davis. Majoring in Political Science and Chinese Language and Literature; with a minor in French. President and Event Coordinator of California Women’s List, UCDavis Chapter; an organization which promotes pro-choice democratic women in office.

Plans to get an LLM in International Law once she graduates in June 2020.

Anne-Laure Baldacchino


MA student in International Relations and European Studies at Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne University with a minor in Chinese at l’Inalco in Paris. She also graduated with honors from a Bachelors in Public Law and Political Science at the Catholic University of Paris. Before joining CUNCR, Anne-Laure was highly involved in Model United Nations in Paris and other European cities. 

Mamdouh Alqudsi

Communication and Partnership Associate Youth Climate Ambassador

MA social integration student in Budapest EötvösLoránd University (ELTE),  his program focuses on multicultural education, social inclusion, and Human Rights. His areas of interests are migration and integration. He is the International Student Ambassador of his university and he is working on raising awareness among university students about the current climate crisis.

Blanca Trepat

Associate Program Manager and Youth Climate Ambassador

Law graduate who received her Master’s degree in European Law with a specialization in Human Rights Law at Maastricht University, Netherlands. Her main areas of interest are International environmental law and equality and anti-discrimination law. Before joining CUNCR, Blanca completed an internship at the Spanish Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Geneva in the Human Rights Department where she drafted reports on a number of topics discussed during the Human Rights Council and conducted research. She also completed an internship at the Spanish Permanent Representation before the European Union in the Environment Department.

Dr. Bob Hanson

Treasurer & Member of the Board
Dr. Robert Hanson has his doctorate from Indiana University and taught at San Diego State University for 23 years. He is currently treasurer of the Democratic World Federalists of San Francisco and a board member of the Mt. Diablo Peace and Justice Center of Walnut Creek, CA. In 2009 he received the “Local Peace Hero” award from the center.
He is the co-author of three books on youth camping and taught camp administration at SDSU. Currently he is living at Rossmoor, a retirement communittee, where he writes regular columns for the Rossmoor News under the banner of the Progressive View and is editor of a column called “Earth Matters”.

Dr. Thomas Muinzer

Dr. Thomas L Muinzer is from Northern Ireland, and undertook his qualifying law degree and other legal qualifications at Queen’s University Belfast. He has been a friend/member of CUNCR for some time now, commencing collaboration with the group almost 3 years ago, and contributes to the group as an academic advisor. He is currently a Lecturer in Law at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at Dundee, Scotland. He has been involved in an advisory capacity with a broad range of energy, environmental and other actors, including NGOs, political representatives in the UK’s devolved governments, and others.

He has written two books, one of which is the first monograph on the world’s first case of a national Parliament implementing economy-wide legally binding long-term emissions reduction targets in national framework legislation order to combat climate change:
He is currently compiling the first edited collection on state-level climate framework legislation for Hart Publishing.

He is Co-editor of Freckle Magazine, the sustainability-themed magazine that celebrates people and place in Ireland and beyond, read widely in Ireland –

Richard Samuel Deese

Richard Samuel Deese grew up in Claremont, California, not far from Los Angeles. After earning his bachelor’s degree in history at the University of California at Berkeley, he traveled to East Asia, where he taught English Composition at Nanjing University in China. He first came to Boston University to study poetry and then returned to earn his PhD in History in 2007. Deese is the author of We Are Amphibians: Julian and Aldous Huxley on the Future of Our Species (2015), Surf Music (2017), and Climate Change and the Future of Democracy (2019). He currently teaches History at Boston University.

Dr. Antonios Kouroutakis

Dr. Antonios Kouroutakis is Assistant Professor at IE University in Madrid, Spain and he has taught a variety of law courses and conducted research at the City University of Hong Kong, the Free University of Berlin, FVG Sao Paolo, and Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Kouroutakis received a DPhil in Law from University of Oxford and an LLM form UCLA School of Law. Dr. Kouroutakis’ research interests lie mainly in the field of constitutional engineering, public law and regulation.

In particular, Dr Kouroutakis is interested in the concept of separation of powers, rule of law, emergency legislation, and the regulation of new technologies; he has published widely on these topics in international and peer reviewed journals, and his work has been cited in numerous reports while his research on the constitutional value of sunset clauses was cited by the British Parliament.

Dr. Roger Kotila

Member of the Board
Roger Kotila, Ph.D. is a psychologist and peace activist. The President of Democratic World Federalists based in San Francisco, he is also a U.S. Vice President for the World Constitution and Parliament Association and a Senior Fellow with the Institute On World Problems. Dr. Kotila is the editor for DWF NEWS and Earth Federation News & Views, with a priority to introduce WCPA’s Constitution for the Federation of Earth (aka “Earth Constitution”) as a resource and model constitution available for UN Charter review.
Dr. Kotila received his doctorate in clinical psychology from Washington State University with an internship at Palo Alto Veterans Administration Hospital in conjunction with Stanford University Psychiatry & Psychology Departments. He has a wide range of clinical experience and interests including extensive work with sociopath’s (i.e., the Antisocial Personality Disorder).

Andreas Bummel

Andreas Bummel, born in Cape Town, South Africa, is co-founder and director of Democracy Without Borders and of the Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly which is supported by 1,500 current and former members of parliament. Among other things, Andreas organized the campaign’s five international meetings on a UN Parliamentary Assembly thus far. The most recent one was hosted in the European Parliament in Brussels in 2013.
In recognition of his work for a world parliament, he was elected as a fellow by the World Academy of Art and Science and was awarded the Society for Threatened Peoples‘ honorary membership. In 2017, Andreas published a major German book on a world parliament and world federalism (with Jo Leinen, Member of European Parliament). The English edition is forthcoming.

Marjolijn Snippe

Member of the Board


Marjolijn Snippe holds a master’s degree in international law from the University of Amsterdam. She is a founding member of the Centre for United Nations Constitutional Research (CUNCR). Marjolijn Snippe, for several years was Erskine Childers research-assistant (reform and renewing the United Nations), and co-editor of “Erskine Barton Childers – For a democratic United Nations and the Rule of Law”, published by the Dag Hammarskjold Foundation in 2011. She is also a board member of the World Federalist Movement in the Netherlands (WFBN), and co-editor of the WFBN-quarterly “Eén Wereld” (One World).